Cyber Security Engineer Job Description

What is cyber security?

Cyber security is the defence of an organisation against threats that are found online. The online landscape is critical to success for modern businesses, but it is also fraught with danger. Criminals and other malicious users can cause serious problems for organisations of all sizes and set-ups, stealing data, bringing down systems with viruses, and defrauding organisations out of millions of dollars.

It is up to cyber security professionals to keep their organisations safe from these threats, and to achieve effective and efficient operation with minimised risks.

What does a cyber security engineer do?

It is the job of a cyber security engineer to craft the IT security solutions required to keep an organisation safe from harm online. They must also maintain these solutions to ensure they remain fit for purpose in both the long and short term.

This ongoing maintenance is crucial. Threats evolve, and they evolve quickly. It is not enough to simply know what to do in the here and now to achieve safety and security. Cyber security engineers need to stay ahead of the curve, implementing proactive solutions that are several steps ahead of cyber criminals and malicious users.

All of this makes cyber security engineering a dynamic and fast-paced discipline, full of challenges and rewards for the right individual.

Cyber security engineer responsibilities

  • Assess existing security issues within the organisation
  • Set up firewalls and systems to identifying intrusions, configuring these to suit the needs of the organisation
  • Analysing risks and conducting ongoing security assessments
  • Implementing a system of automation within the organisation to ensure effective and efficient security protocols
  • Investigate breaches and implement solid plans of incident response, learning from past shortcomings to create ever more robust security protocols
  • Stay on top of industry standards and ensure complete compliance
  • Stay on top of developments in the industry, and applying these in a considered manner within the organisation
  • Conduct testing and deliver insightful reports based on findings
  • Analyse changing security requirements across the whole lifecycle of a product, and make sure these are met at every stage
  • Oversee any developments within the organisation to make sure security is maintained
  • Outline internal security policies for the organisation
  • Recommend further development to keep the organisation in line with security best practice

Who does a cyber security engineer report to?

This depends greatly on the size of the organisation involved. In most cases, the cyber security engineer will be expected to work autonomously, carrying out regular testing and supervision on their own. They may then report their findings regularly to upper management, as well as working horizontally with other teams to coordinate security efforts.

In larger organisations, intermediate cyber security engineers may report to senior cyber security engineers or cyber security managers as part of a more complex structure.

What qualifications do cyber security engineers need?

Security engineers will need to be educated to bachelor's degree level at the least, and will likely have specialised in cyber security, information technology, or computer science at degree level. Other related education pathways may also be acceptable for entry-level cyber security engineers.

Master's degrees may also be helpful, particularly for professionals who do not have a bachelor's degree in the right speciality field. IT security master's degrees will give applicants a solid grounding in what is required of them in this position.

As the position of a cyber security engineer is usually an intermediate one, with a great deal of important responsibilities involved, some work experience is usually required. For security engineers looking to enter senior roles, the experience required may be between five and 10 years in the industry.

What is the career path for a cyber security engineer?

Junior Roles

  • Junior cyber security engineer
  • Cyber security engineer assistant
  • Cyber security analyst assistant

Manager Roles

  • Cyber security engineer
  • Cyber security analyst

Senior Management

  • Senior cyber security manager
  • Cyber security strategist
  • Cyber security director

How much does a cyber security engineer earn?

A cyber security engineer will earn an average of $120,000 in Australia. Senior cyber security engineers will earn much more than this. All salaries are based on levels of education and experience, with entry-level engineers earning as little as $85,000 and the most experienced candidates earning over $200,000.


This salary guide is a compilation of salary and market information provided by Hudson consultants, clients, candidates and other sources across Australia. Information was gathered by drawing on the extensive knowledge of our specialist recruitment consultants across Hudson's specialist practice groups. Salary ranges are approximate guides only.

They relate to base salaries and exclude superannuation/bonuses/incentive schemes/stock options.

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